Makes Reading And Learning Easier
Research shows that the more children know about the world around them, the easier it is for them to read and learn when they enter school. Everyone working with pre-schoolers has an important role to play in helping children learn new information, ideas, and vocabulary and how to use this knowledge to actively participate in their own learning.
You can help children to connect new information and ideas to what they already know and understand by:
- Teaching them what things are and how they work.
- Providing information about the world around them.
- Extending their use of language and helping to develop their vocabularies
- Helping them develop the ability to figure things out and solve problems.
Here are some ways to accomplish this:
Provide them with opportunities to develop concepts by exploring and working with familiar classroom equipment and materials in a variety of ways.
Use cooking to teach children about substances and changes in substances.
Teach about plants by planting seeds and having the children take care of the growing plants.
Have children learn about social situations and interactions through real interactions and dramatic play.
As well as engaging in dramatic play have the children write, draw and build things. This will help them incorporate what they are learning with what they already know.
Share informational books.Children enjoy learning about their world. They enjoy looking at books about things of interest to them perhaps how plants grow, how baby animals develop, or how vehicles carry people and things. Fortunately, many wonderful informational books are available today, books with spectacular photographs or illustrations and descriptions that children can easily understand.
Introduce new words and concepts. Explain new vocabulary in the books that you read with them. Name and teach them about all of the things in the classroom. In everyday talk with children, introduce words and concepts that they may not know during everyday conversations. Question them to see if they have figured out the meaning from the context the word was used in - if not explain it.
Take the children on field trips. Any time children go some place, especially some place new to them, they learn something. Even if it is just a walk around the block, children can learn something new if you talk with them. Point out things they might not notice. Explain events that are taking place. Answer the questions the children have and praise them for looking, learning and asking questions. Before you go to a place the children have never been, such as a zoo or a museum, discuss what they will be seeing and learning. After the trip, have the children talk about their experiences.
Provide a variety of materials for your children to explore. For example, wire, cardboard, water, tubes, tissue paper, and funnels.
Invite visitors to your classroom. Visitors can teach your children a great deal. They can bring interesting objects or animals to talk about with the children. Visitors can talk about their jobs or their hobbies or show pictures of faraway places they have seen or tell stories about life long ago.
Never stop talking to, interacting with and soliciting questions and opinions from the children. Always be on the lookout for opportunities to expand their knowledge.